Weight training and body conditioning

Weight training incorporates barbells, dumbells, kettle bells or one’s own body weight to add extra resistance to a muscle to increase its strength.

Body conditioning may also involve weights and one’s own body mass as resistance but of a lighter load and using more repetitions of an exercise to enhance the endurance quality of a muscle. (These muscle fibres tire less quickly than strength-trained muscle fibres).The effect is to produce longer, leaner muscle groups with less bulk.

Often, a PT regime uses both training variations to gain a balance in the body between strength and endurance, depending on the need of each individual.